Castleton Dig Diary 2016

Weeks 1 and 2

Monday May 9th dawned bright and sunny for the arrival of Colin and a lot of first-year Archaeology students in a big white van, plus a number of volunteers.

The main focus for the first week was the opening of two trenches and a test pit on the Spital field. The first measures 10 x 8 metres, and overlaps one that was dug in 2011 in order to investigate the first section of wall discovered on the scheduled monument. The objective is to dig further west from the 2011 trench and deeper, in the hopes of discovering more convincing evidence of medieval hospital structures.

The second trench is 10 x 2 metres, running north – south, and is located just north of the stone feature, initially described as a possible ice house,  that was exposed when Severn Trent put a drain across the field in 1999. Trent and Peak Archaeology excavated the feature at the time and in their report concluded it was more likely to be a corn-drying kiln. Medieval pottery was found in the vicinity of the kiln, which was subsequently destroyed by the laying of the drain. The objective of the second trench, and a small test pit to the east of it, is to investigate the area around these earlier findings.

With the exception of Tuesday afternoon of week 1, when the heavens opened and everyone went home, the weather has been mostly good and by the time Monday of week 2 came around some interesting features had emerged on the first trench – a possible burial cut, and an area of stones that (with a bit of imagination) could be the remains of a passageway. The burial cut turned out to be something entirely different…. (see slide show below).

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Possibly the most promising finds (apart from the telegraph pole insulators) from the first two weeks on the Spital Field are two pieces of worked gritstone with distinctive mouldings – perhaps from a high status building? (See photos below).


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Castleton garden yields medieval drinks vessel

Sherds of pottery found in a garden in Castleton have been identified as part of a medieval splash glazed vessel of a type last made at the end of the 13th Century.

Photos & a report of this find are shown below.  Click on a photo to enlarge it & start slide show.

A medieval vessel from Peveril Castle

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Dig 2015: Final update

A drain to dye for, further developments at the burial site and a lovely flint. Spital Field yields a few more hints of the past. The full report of the final week of the dig can be read here:- Update Saturday 6 June 2015

Click on any photo to enlarge it & start slide show.

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Dig 2015: Week Two Update

Despite some wet & windy weather, further work on the Spital Field site reveals a new drain while the New Hall site yields some lovely paving. More information in the Update report and some photos (click on each photo for larger size) :-   Update Sunday 24th May (1)

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A Racing Start for the 2015 Dig

6 trenches (3 each in the Spital Field & the New Hall site behind the Methodist Church) & 2 test pits dug & back filled, all in week one has given this year’s dig a racing start. The following photographs & document give a fuller story (click on each photo for larger size).  The 2015 dig

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Great Neolithic Monuments of the North

A packed village hall listened attentively to a fascinating talk by Colin Richards in which he explored the differences between stone circles, henge monuments and passage graves in northern Britain and Ireland around the fourth millennium.  He proposed an interesting theory of wrapping to explain the development of a number of these sites.  You can read more detail about this talk, by visiting Talk 161014

Colin Richards is Professor of World Prehistory, Archaeology at Manchester University.


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“Great Neolithic Monuments of the North” Thursday 9 October 2014

Colin Richards, Professor of World Prehistory and Archaeology at the University of Manchester,will be giving a talk entitled

“Great Neolithic Monuments of the North” on Thursday 16th October, 7.30 pm in Castleton Village Hall. 

Colin’s precis:
The end of the fourth millennium cal BC marks a point when a series of apparently different monuments begin to be constructed across Britain and Ireland. In this talk I want to explore the ‘differences’ between stone circles, henge monuments and passage graves in northern Britain and Ireland.
As we will see things may not be so clear-cut as they seem.
The talk has been organised by Castleton Historical Society. As usual, non-members are very welcome (£3 entrance which includes refreshments).
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